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Old 12-10-2008, 01:36 AM
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Default Cultural and Spiritual Centre

[URL=""]Thrissur district[/URL] literally translates as Thiru-Shiva-Perur or the city dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is the cultural and spiritual centre of Kerala, offering an array of festivals, historical and natural sights as well as religious experiences. Located at sea level in the eastern part of Kerala, it is bound on the south by Eranakulam and Idukki, Palakkad in the East, Mallapuram in the North and to its West, a short 54 kms away, lies the Arabian Sea. The district, fed by the Periyar, Chalakudy, Karuvannur and the Ponnani rivers which all flow from the Western Ghats to meet the Arabian Sea, is interspersed by waterfalls, dense forests and isolated beaches

Thrissur district is an important cultural centre in Kerala, and is known as the "cultural capital" of the state. It is famous for the Thrissur Pooram festival, the most beautiful and extravagant temple festival of Kerala. It has a large number of well-known temples which include the Thiruvambady temple, Vadakkumnatha temple and Paramekkavu temple, and two churches of note, the Our Lady of Lourdes Metropolitan Cathedral and the Our Lady of Dolorís "New Church" Basilica is the biggest in South Asia. The Kerala Police Academy which is the Second largest Academy in India is situated in this city.

From very early times Thrissur has been a centre of learning and, with the decline of Buddism and Jainism and the establishment of the supremacy of Brahminism during the revival of Hinduism, Thrissur became an important centre of Sanskrit learning. The great Sankara Acharya had taught Advaita here. After his travels in different regions of India he is believed to have come back and settled in Thrissur and died here. Sankara Acharya's disciples Hastamalaka, Thotaka, Padmapada and Sudhachara established four Madoms in the city, namely the Northern Madom, the Middle Madom, the in-Between Madom and the Southern Madom respectively.

The Cultural capital of Kerala, Thrissur, gained prominence under the reign of Raja Rama Varma in 1790. The entire credit for the rise of the modern city of Thrissur goes to Raja Rama Varma, who ascended the throne of the state of Kochi.

Thrissur was for a brief period, the capital of the Kochi kingdom. The Shaktan Thampuran palace, which was the abode of the Cochin king, Shaktan Thampuran or Raja Rama Varma, was recently renovated by the ASI(Archeological Survey of India)

Long ago, the vast open area around the Vadakkumnatha temple was a magnificent teak forest called Thekkinkadu. Today, the forest has given way to one of the most important cultural and commercial hub of Kerala.
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