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Old 03-15-2006, 04:42 PM
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kurusch kurusch is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by js_mac
Here's an article I found on charlesdarwinresearch.org. It's a pretty general view on racial differences (covering only the three general categories of 'white', 'black' and 'oriental'). If you have a brain, you'll understand that race is a lot more deep than just 'white', 'black' etc. For, example, your average german is different to your average frenchman. It's the same process as that creating the differences between blacks, whites, and orientals, as a whole
Have fun proving this wrong, bigotboy:

[url]http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cachejGLCN5OBkEJ:www.charlesdarwinresea rch.org/TaxonomicConstruct.pdf+race+differences&hl=en&gl=u k&ct=clnk&cd=1[/url]
Easy.
The group you so eagerly quote was founded by Philippe Rushton. Here's some of what wikipedia has to say about Rushton. I draw your attention to the last paragraph in particular. Any other racist 'authorities' you wanna quote?

Rushton's most famous work is his controversial book Race, Evolution And Behavior: A Life History Perspective, in which he draws attention to the existence of many racial differences, including behavioral ones, and shows that they are frequently arranged in a continuum of Mongoloids at one extreme, Negroids at the opposite extreme, and Caucasoids in the middle.[1] The book uses averages of hundreds of studies, modern and historical to demonstrate this pattern. The book grew out his earlier paper, Evolutionary Biology and Heritable Traits (With Reference to Oriental¹-White-Black Difference), which was presented at the Symposium on Evolutionary Theory, Economics and Political Science, AAAS Annual Meeting (San Francisco, CA, January 19, 1989).

The book claims that of the three races it is concerned with (Negroids, Caucasoids, and Mongoloids), Mongoloids have the highest average performance in measurements of cognitive ability (See race and intelligence), have the lowest crime rates, work hardest, are the least promiscuous and the least aggressive, and have the largest brain size, lowest ratio of twins to births, the slowest maturation rates, greatest parental investment in child-rearing, the lowest rates of sexually transmitted diseases, the longest life expectancy, the greatest degree of emotional control, and the least amount of body odor (due to their apocrine glands being smallest and least numerous). The book claims that Negroids average at the opposite end on all of these scales, and Caucasoids rank in between Mongoloids and Negroids, but closer to Mongoloids.

Popular science commentator David Suzuki for one protested the book and spoke against Rushton in a live televised debate at the University of Western Ontario.

Rushton's theory is based on an attempt to extend the r/K selection theory to humans. He explains the patterns in the table by arguing that while all humans display extremely K-selected behavior, the races vary in the degree to which they exhibit that behavior. He argues that Negroids use a strategy more toward an r-selected strategy (produce more offspring, but provide less care for them) while Mongoloids use the K strategy most (produce fewer offspring but provide more care for them), with Caucasoids exhibiting intermediate tendencies in this area. He argues that Caucasoids evolved more toward a K-selected breeding strategy than Negroids because of the harsher and colder weather encountered in Europe, while the same held true to a greater extent for Mongoloids.

Rushton's work is prominent in race and intelligence research, but his r/K selection theory is the subject of much more criticism and accusations than found even in this controversial field. For example, in a 1996 review of the book, anthropologist C. Loring Brace wrote that "Race, Evolution, and Behavior is an amalgamation of bad biology and inexcusable anthropology. It is not science but advocacy, and advocacy of 'racialism'" (Brace 1996). Brace argues that Rushton assumes the existence of three biological races with no evidence except Rushton's speculation as to what an extraterrestrial visitor to Earth would think. Since Brace's criticism, genetics studies have identified possible genetic differences between the racial groups under question (Tang et al. 2005)². Brace also disagrees with Rushton applying the concept of heritability (normally applied in the context of individuals) to groups. Finally, Brace claims Rushton makes unsupported claims about sub-Saharan African societies.

This theory has difficulty explaining why Native Americans, who appeared even later and emigrated from the northernmost parts of Asia, do not currently have high scores on IQ tests. On the other hand, Rushton (1995) argues that lower scores of Native Americans can be attributed to the evolutionary relaxation of cognitive demands due to the more temperate environment and comparative ease with which North American fauna could be hunted. But it can be argued that life along the fertile river plains in China was not particularly harsh. It is also questionable that conditions in deserts are no less harsh but people living there do not currently score high on IQ tests.

The theory is directly contradicted by the only comparative study on IQ scores in different European nations that showed a statistically insignificant association between the average IQ and latitude of various European nations. [3] In contrast, Beals et al. (1984, p. 309) found a correlation of 0.62 (p=0.00001) between latitude and cranial capacity in samples worldwide and reported that each degree of latitude was associated with an increase of 2.5 cm³ in cranial volume. A more recent study finds this pattern only when including a Siberian population living in extremely cold condition. The explanation may be natural selection for a thermoregulatory capacity in extremely cold environments, resulting in brachycephalization, rather than a selection for intelligence.

Since 2002, Rushton has been the president of the controversial Pioneer Fund, which aims "to advance the scientific study of heredity and human differences." Rushton's work has received grants from the fund totalling over $1 million USD since 1981.


Rushton sources, such as semi-pornographic books and the Penthouse magazine, have been dismissed by other researchers, or have been criticized as extremely biased and inadequate reviews of the literature, or simply false . There have also been many other criticisms of the theory. Actual recent data show that blacks are not more psychopathic, nor do they differ in from whites when testing for the big five personality traits, differences in sex hormones between whites and East Asians are best explained by environmental differences, and the fundamental prediction of the theory that blacks have a higher frequency of twins is incorrect.
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